Kosovo Courts and Choice of Forum

The current structure of courts will undergo an entire change as per the new Law on Courts taking effect on January 1, 2013. The new structure will be comprised of three tiers of courts: basic courts, the Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court.

Basic Courts

The basic courts will serve as first instance courts for all matters, including cases previously heard by the minor offenses courts and the first instance crimes previously within the jurisdiction of the district courts.  Each basic court will be comprised of several departments, including commercial departments.

The Court of Appeal

The Court of Appeals, located in Pristina, will serve as the second instance and will hear all appeals of basic court decisions, and decide jurisdictional conflicts between basic courts.

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court, also located in Pristina, will be the final judicial authority in Kosovo, with appellate jurisdiction over Court of Appeals decisions, as well as cases that present important and unique issues of the law. .

The Constitutional Court

The Constitutional Court of Kosovo, also located in Pristina is the final authority for the interpretation of the Constitution and the compliance of laws with the Constitution.  The Court is not part of the regular court structure set by the Law on Courts.

In addition to courts, businesses have the possibility of choosing alternative mechanisms of resolving their disputes. Both mediation and arbitration have in recent years been institutionalized through respective laws adopted by the Kosovo Assembly.